Essays or discursive compositions, in which you discuss issues and opinions, are typically one of three types:
Compare / Contrast
EXAMPLE: 'Supermarkets are better places to shop than small shops.'
Problem / Solution
EXAMPLE: ‘In developed countries we waste as much as we consume.'
For / Against
EXAMPLE: 'Shopping centres: paradise or nightmare?'
Whatever the type, a balanced composition will contain the following sections:
1. An opening section in which you will probably describe the current situation, e.g.
• say what most people are doing
• describe what you see every day
• give examples of the way things are changing
• say how good, bad, difficult something is ...
2. A development section — divided into two or three paragraphs — in which you detail problems, bad points, ideas against and discuss possible solutions, good points, ideas for, e.g.
• describe the seriousness of problems
• say how problems are connected
• say what causes bad things / makes things worse
• describe the effects
• relate particular solutions to problems
• say what solutions people or countries are trying
• talk about why things may get better
• say when things will have to change
3. A closing section in which you make an evaluation of what you have discussed, e.g.
• say which option or solution looks best on balance
• say what the future will be like
Your teacher has asked you to write an essay saying if you agree with the following statement:
People accuse the entertainment industry of being superficial, but it employs a great many people and is an essential part of our lives. Write your essay.
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